Shin splints is a common term for shin pain and it can be due to several different conditions. There is confusion arising from the use of the term shin splints and because of this medical professionals try to avoid using it.
One of the most common shin problems that comes under the umbrella of shin splints is medial tibial stress syndrome and this is an irritation of the tibia caused by over use of the muscles which attach to it. It is a condition that is particularly suffered by runners and those who run on hard surfaces are most affected.
There are other causes of shin pain, such as compartment syndrome or stress fracture. To arrive at the correct diagnosis it may require a complex run of investigations such as bone scans, ultrasound scans and compartment pressure tests under the supervision of a sports medicine or orthopaedic doctor. Dr Chris Rufford, working at Andrew Gilmour and Associates, is a specialist sports medicine doctor who is well experienced in making these diagnoses.